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Republic of the Gambia

Gambia location

Official language – English
Capital – Banjul
National holiday – Independence Day, 18 February (since 1965, from Great Britain)
Government type – Presidential Republic

Border countries: The Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa, bordered to the north, east, and south by Senegal, with a small coast on the Atlantic Ocean in the west

Area – 11,295 sq km
Natural resources: fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon

Population – 2.1 mln (2016, UNCTAD)
About 42 African ethnic groups live in this country; these various groups settled in Benin at different times and also migrated within the country.

Ethnic groups:
A wide variety of ethnic groups live in the Gambia, each preserving its own language and traditions. The Mandinka tribe is the largest – 42%, followed by the Fula – 18%, Wolof – 16%, Jola – 10%, and Serahuli – 9%, other – 4%. The approximately 3,500 non-African residents include Europeans and families of Lebanese origin – roughly 1%. Most of the European minority are Britons, many of whom left after independence,

Islam is the predominant religion, practiced by approximately 90% of the country's population. The majority of the Muslims in the Gambia adhere to Sufi laws and traditions. Virtually all commercial life in The Gambia comes to a standstill during major Muslim holidays, including Eid al-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr. Most Muslims in the Gambia follow the Maliki school of jurisprudence.
The Christian community represents about 8% of the population. Residing in the western and the southern parts of the Gambia, most of the Christian community identify themselves as Roman Catholic. However, there are smaller Christian groups present, such as Anglicans, Methodists, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses and small evangelical denominations. Due to immigration from South Asia, there is a presence of Buddhists and followers of the Baha'i Faith. The remaining 2% of the population adheres to indigenous beliefs

Calling code: 220